Chart 32
The Big Bang and Other Related Myths

A.  Einstein's theories of relativity

B.  Minkowski's Spacetime geometry

C.  Einstein's 1917 finite spherical universe

D.  Einstein's 1931 expanding finite universe

E.  Hoyle's steady state theory

F.  Guth's inflationary universe

G.  Friedmann's theories and missing matter

H.  Dark matter and dark energy

I.  Black holes

J. Lemaitre's atomic star and expansion of space

K. Gamow's Big Bang theory

L. The uniform microwave background radiation theory

M. Quantum mechanics

N. Particle physics

O. Superstring theory

P. The heat death of the universe